Sights on summer, thoughts on safety

Summer has officially arrived. And with the warmer weather comes invitations to backyard swim parties and family barbeques, and opportunities to partake in sporty outings and fireworks displays.

But before heading outdoors, make sure you’re armed with the essentials for spending time in the sun, cooling off and celebrating America’s birth.

For starters, the right pair of sunglasses, a hat and a good sunscreen can go a long way. And don’t forget to stay informed when it comes to both fireworks and pool safety.

It’s the season to have fun, but there’s always time to implement the proper safety practices.

Soak up the SPF 30

According to Dr. Carol Cola, who works in the department of surgery at Pottstown Memorial Medical Center, about 90 percent of skin cancers occur on the head, neck, ears, lips or hands — areas most often exposed to the sun.

In an article Cola recently wrote about sun safety that was released by the medical center, she pointed out that “a sun burn can happen anywhere, not just at the park or the pool. You are exposed to sun while driving, through a glass window in your home, or reflected off another surface such as concrete, sand or snow.

“The good news: It’s never too late to begin protecting your skin. Recent studies by the Skin Cancer Foundation state that the average individual has received only 23 percent of your lifetime sun exposure by age 18 — not 80 percent as formerly thought — so there’s always a health benefit to be gained by beginning new habits, at any time in life.”

Cola wrote that using a sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 30 is recommended. “The number refers to the product’s ability to protect the skin, i.e., the amount of time it takes to burn unprotected skin versus sunscreen-protected skin. Be sure to choose a sunscreen with both UVA and UVB protection, also called a ‘broad spectrum’ sunscreen.

“Protect your skin all day,” Cola wrote, “but especially between the hours of 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., the prime time for sun burns. Remember that it’s still possible to get a sun burn on cloudy days, too. Apply plenty of sunscreen (about an ounce, which is the equivalent of a shot glass of lotion), 20 to 30 minutes before going outdoors, and reapply frequently (about every two hours) particularly after exercise or water activities.”

Cola wrote that keeping an eye on freckles, moles and other spots on your skin, and showing any changes to your doctor or dermatologist, is a good idea. “Warning signs to look for include a mole, birthmark or brown spot that over time changes color or texture, increases in size or thickness, has irregular outlines, or is bigger than 6 millimeters or a quarter-inch (the size of a pencil eraser). Also, any spot or sore that itches, hurts, crusts, scabs or bleeds, or an open sore that does not heal, should be brought to the attention of your doctor.”

Concerned about a suspicious spot on your skin? Visit the American Academy of Dermatology (www.aad.org) and National Cancer Institute (www.cancer.gov) websites to compare the various types of melanomas and their visual characteristics, and then contact your doctor for a skin cancer screening. If found and treated early, melanoma has a high cure rate, about 99 percent, according to the Skin Cancer Foundation.

Shade your eyes

According to a 2011 national survey conducted by N3L Optics to better understand behaviors and beliefs of sunglass purchasers, only 66 percent of adults wear sunglasses consistently when they are outdoors, and only half of those between ages 18 to 24 do so.

Kendra Reichenau, senior vice president of N3L Optics, a sunglass store for the athlete and outdoor enthusiast, was quoted in a press released as saying, “Your eyes are a critical component of your well-being and need to be protected with the same level of vigilance as your skin.”

Eighty percent of the 623 respondents, ages 18 to 54, reported worrying about their eye health, but nearly one in four did not know that sun exposure can cause eye damage, according to the press release.

The sun’s harmful UV radiation can lead to cataracts, macular degeneration and some cancers, nearly all of which are preventable with proper use of sunglasses. According to the American Optometric Association, UV radiation is a risk, even on overcast days.

“Many people who are active choose to not wear sunglasses because they think it inhibits their ability to perform at their highest level,” Reichenau said. “That isn’t true if you have the right sunglasses for your sport.”

Helpful sunglass tips from N3L:

Polarized lenses are helpful for activities that require glare reduction, like fishing, sailing, kayaking and sand volleyball.

While no lens is shatterproof or unbreakable, glasses or goggles with polycarbonate lenses are impact resistant, shatter resistant and filter out 100 percent of UV light.

Different lens colors work best for different sports, for example, golfers can benefit from lenses with amber, brown or rose tint, which enhance depth perception and help with following the ball in low or medium light conditions.

Consider the safety features you need for your activity, as many sports sunglasses are designed to address specific safety concerns like protecting during impact, shielding from flying debris and improving visibility.

If sunglasses do not fit properly, they can’t protect properly. Many sunglasses have special features that allow them to stay in place during activities such as running, cycling and climbing.

Wrap around lenses sometimes work best because they block light coming in from the sides. In addition, larger lenses may be more effective, because they cover more of the eye.

Leave fireworks to professionals

According to The Pennsylvania Academy of Ophthalmology (PAO), each Fourth of July, thousands of people are injured from using consumer fireworks.

The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission reported that more than 9,000 fireworks-related injuries happen each year. Of these, nearly half are head-related injuries and nearly 30 percent are injuries to the eyes. One-fourth of fireworks eye injuries result in permanent vision loss or blindness.

“Too many Fourth of July celebrations are ruined because a child has to be rushed to the emergency room after a fireworks accident,” said Dr. Kenneth Cheng, pediatric ophthalmologist and president of the Harrisburg-based PAO, in a press release. “Potentially blinding injuries can be avoided if families attend a professional public fireworks display instead of putting on a home fireworks show.”

According to the PAO, children are the most common victims of firework accidents, with those 15 years old or younger accounting for half of all fireworks eye injuries in the United States. For children under the age of five, seemingly innocent sparklers account for one-third of all fireworks injuries. Sparklers can burn at nearly 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit (hot enough to cause a third-degree burn), and the ashes fly in all directions increasing the chances of injury.

“Among the most serious injuries are direct trauma to the eye from bottle rockets,” according to Dr. Cheng. “The rockets fly erratically, often injuring bystanders. Injuries from bottle rockets can include eye lid lacerations, corneal abrasions, hyphema or bleeding into the eye, traumatic cataract, retinal detachment, optic nerve damage, and rupture of the eyeball. These injuries frequently require surgery and may lead to complete blindness.”

For a safe and healthy Independence Day celebration, the PAO urges observance of the following tips:

Never let children play with fireworks of any type.

View fireworks from a safe distance, at least 500 feet away, or up to a quarter of a mile for best viewing.

Respect safety barriers set up to allow pyrotechnicians to do their jobs safely.

Leave the lighting of fireworks to trained professionals.

Follow directives given by event ushers or public safety personnel.

If you find unexploded fireworks remains, do not touch them. Immediately contact your local fire or police departments.

If you get an eye injury from fireworks, seek medical help immediately.

Consumers can submit questions about eye health to an ophthalmologist at http://www.geteyesmart.org/eyesmart/ask/ . Find an eye doctor in your area by visiting www.paeyemds.org .

Stay afloat

According to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) website, so far in June there have been 37 drownings and 38 near-drowning incidents reported by the media across America.

“Oftentimes, pool safety is in the back of most people’s minds, but it should really be in the forefront of their thoughts when they use pools, especially their own,” American Leak Detection CEO and President Bill Palmer said in a press release from the company. “Something as simple as knowing where the pool water pump is so that you can quickly turn it off in the event of an emergency can make a world of a difference.”

Palmer said homeowners should take the following precautionary steps before opening their pools for members of their households and guests:

Check and replace necessary pool parts

Replace old flat drain covers and never use a pool or spa with a missing or broken drain cover. Install anti-vortex drain covers to minimize the risk of body and hair entrapment in the suction inlets, and consider installing a Safety Vacuum Release System that will automatically shut off a pump if a blockage is detected.

Make sure it’s clean, not green. If your pool water is green that likely means the water could contain molds, fungus, larvae and other contaminants that could cause those who use the pool to become sick.

Be cognizant of recalls and equipment reviews.

Check sites such as CPSC and Consumer Reports regularly for articles on recalls and reviews to ensure that your pool’s parts are all in tip top shape.

Call in the professionals. Have a professional specialist regularly inspect your pool or spa. Ask where the electrical cut-off switch is for the pool or spa pump. This area should be marked clearly so that, in an emergency, the water pump can be turned off immediately. In addition, loose or falling tiles and pool deck cracks — signs that the surrounding ground is being compromised by water and that there is a leak in the pool system — can cause those using the pool to slip and fall.

“Residents should make good judgments before opening their pool … (like) putting up a wall or fence at least four feet high around the pool; not allowing unsupervised children in the pool; being sure that at least one person in the household knows CPR; not using air-filled swimming aids as a substitute for approved life vests; and keeping … flotation devices and a telephone by the pool in the event of an emergency,” Palmer said.

~The Times Herald

 

Many People Continue Unhealthy Habits After Disease Diagnosis

The Pittsburgh Tribune-Review Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/27, Gormly) reported, “Even when faced with a health scare like a heart attack or stroke, or a life-changing diagnosis like diabetes or cancer, many people continue unhealthy habits with eating, smoking, exercising and the like.” However, these changes can be important. One study “found that smoking after a heart attack significantly decreased life expectancy.” The research, “published in 2010 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, found that people who quit smoking after their first heart attack were 37 percent less likely to die of another heart attack, compared with those still smoking.”

Get Your Eyes Checked Regularly for Healthy Vision

When was the last time you had an eye exam? For the majority of us, it’s not often enough. Among those who have had an eye exam recently, less than half (44%) have them annually.* The health of our eyes so often takes a back seat to finding the perfect mascara or covering up dark circles. 85% of Americans know that UV rays can damage our eyes, yet only 65% of us wear sunglasses for protection instead of just a fashion statement, and only 39% of us make our kids wear sunglasses.**

Just seeing well doesn’t always translate to good eye health. Supported by ACUVUE® Brand Contact Lenses, a new radio program called Healthy Vision with Dr. Val Jones shares healthy eye tips just in time for the beach, picnics, summer sports and barbecues on the deck. Hosted by leading national health expert Val Jones, M.D., CEO of Better Health, LLC, a network of popular health bloggers, she is joined by leading experts from around the country to take a closer look at three vital areas to maintaining eye healthy: importance of eye exams, contact lens compliance, and protecting eyes from UV rays. “More than one in three parents has never taken their children for a vision assessment,” says Dr. Jones. “Many of us share the misguided belief that if we are seeing well, our eyes are healthy. No matter what age you are, it’s so important to see an eye doctor on an annual basis.”

Children should be checked to ensure that their vision is developing properly. Optometrist Robert Rosenthal, O.D., chimes in noting that “a child should be seen [by an eye care professional] between the age of six months to a year. If there is an [eye health] issue with a child, we want to catch it very early.” An eye exam should be treated as an extension of your annual physical to monitor your overall health and wellbeing. For contact lens wearers, it is also important to comply with the proper wear and care. Optometrist Susan Resnick, O.D., warns that misusing contact lenses can put you at risk for a variety of issues, some of which are potentially serious. “New contact lens wearers are very keen on following directions, and are motivated to do everything right,” says Resnick. She recommends that long-time contact lens users should follow their lead and maintain the correct replacement schedule. ACUMINDER.com is a free online reminder service to remind you when you are due for an eye exam and when to replace your contact lenses.

Much of the ultraviolet radiation that we are exposed to in our lifetime occurs before we reach adulthood. Children’s pupils are larger than adult pupils so more light can get into their eyes. Stephen Cohen, O.D. stresses the importance of eye protection particularly in the summer months; “UVB rays are a contributing factor to the development of cataracts,” says Dr. Cohen who recommends wearing UV blocking sunglasses and a wide-brimmed hat when in the sun, and UV blocking contact lenses. “I am an advocate of contact lenses that block ultraviolet radiation,” he explains. The average pair of contact lenses blocks only 10-20 percent of ultraviolet radiation. ACUVUE® OASYS® lenses have the highest level of UV-blocking of any contact lens on the market, blocking 90 percent of UVA rays and 99 percent of UVB. UV radiation can sneak in through the tops and sides of your sunglasses and even the widest-brimmed hat cannot protect against UV rays that are reflected up off of surfaces like water, sand, grass and pavement.

Diet May Be Key First Line Therapy In New-Onset Type 2 Diabetes

HealthDay Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/25, Preidt) reported, “Dietary changes alone can yield the same benefits as changes in both diet and exercise in the first year after a person is diagnosed with type 2 diabetes,” according to research Share to FacebookShare to Twitter presented at the American Diabetes Association’s annual meeting and simultaneously published online June 25 in The Lancet. Investigators “found that patients who were encouraged to lose weight by modifying their diet with the help of a dietician had the same improvements in blood sugar (glycemic) control, weight loss, cholesterol and triglyceride levels as those who changed both their diet and physical activity levels (30 minutes of brisk walking five times a week).”

The study’s lead author “said the findings may also suggest a change in treatment algorithm in type 2 diabetes, with diet as the first line therapy, then a combination of diet and exercise, and finally diet plus activity and metformin if the two prior approaches fail,” MedPage Today Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/25, Fiore) reported. But, “in an accompanying comment Share to FacebookShare to Twitter, Frank Hu, MD, of Harvard School of Public Health, wrote that the results do not necessarily mean that an increase in physical activity is ineffective for diabetes management.” Hu wrote, “It is possible that modification of two complex behaviors at the same time is no more effective than a change in one.” Medscape Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/26, Canavan) also covered the story.

Curbing Calories Key Ingredient For Weight Loss In Type 2 Diabetes. HealthDay Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/26, Mozes) reported, “Curbing calories is the key ingredient for diabetics seeking to lose weight, and low-fat diets that are either high in protein or high in carbs are equally effective,” according to research presented yesterday at the American Diabetes Association’s annual meeting. After following about nearly 300 overweight, middle-aged or senior “men and women with type 2 diabetes who were on a new, two-year nutritional program” and randomizing them with to a low-fat/high-carbohydrate group or to a low-fat/high-protein group, researchers found that in the end, “both groups lost a similar amount of weight and reduced their waist size in similar measure.”

 

Eat THIS before your workouts

[ There is a clutter of bogus weight loss and fitness information out there. That’s why reading Jon Benson’s articles makes sense… and his newest article (which I have his to you) really rocked my world. Check it out… ]

*** Short-cut Link:
*** My Favorite Foods Dietplan <== click here

One of the most common questions I get asked is:

“What should I eat before my workouts if I want to get rid of bodyfat?”

The answer?

NOTHING.

I’ve been saying this for almost a decade now… and research is catching up with the idea.

It’s nice to be right. : )

Several studies now confirm that exercising while your body is low on food may be a good way to trim excess fat.

European researchers found that cyclists who trained without eating burned significantly more fat than their counterparts who ate. Now, this is important: Cycling requires a LOT of energy. Far more energy than you need to get rid of bodyfat.

Working out with weights and doing moderate to intense (but short) cardio will take care of 99% of your needs when it comes to fatburning.

But with weights, and espeically with the cyclists that were tested, performance may be an issue.

In fact the members of the group of cyclists that didn’t eat performed worse on the intensive training. Still, they burned a higher proportion of fat to carbohydrates than the group that ate. (Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, the journal of the American College of Sports Medicine.)

Why? Simple. Your body’s blood sugar is lowest in the morning prior to eating. When you train, moderately or with intensity, most of your fuel comes from your bodyfat and NOT ingested carbs. Isn’t that cool?

Which would you rather burn… bodyfat or carbs?

Yeah, me too. : )

About performance: I have found that my performance only suffers slightly when fasting and training for the first few weeks. After that my performance increases. The body starts to burn its own bodfyat far more efficiently so I find I have PLENTY of energy.

This was not a lone study on fasting and training. In a 2008 study, Hespel and colleagues tested the effects on men who did endurance training without eating versus those who ate. In the athletes who hadn’t eaten, the researchers found a spike in the amount of proteins needed to process fat, meaning their bodies had been primed through fasting to get rid of more bodyfat.

So, now you know the answer to the old question: “What should I eat before training?”

Nothing… or as little as possible.

In my next email I’ll tell you what to eat AFTER your workouts to REALLY jack your fatburning through the roof…

… and no, it’s not “nothing”. It’s something special. ; )

P.S. If you want the best diet possible to turn your body into a fat-burning machine along with my personal workout plan for fasting cardio… and a plan that works in your favorite foods too … then look no further than this:

My Favorite Foods Dietplan <== click here

[ Another article by Jon Benson… and there’s more: hop over to the pages in this post now and grab a lot more tips on weight loss, fitness and motivation. Enjoy! ]

Skipping Eye Exam Shows a Lack of Vision

If you ask physicians about the most serious health problems faced by older patients, they will usually list significant medical conditions like heart disease, diabetes or cancer. But ask the patients, and they will complain more about sensory deprivation — the loss of vision and hearing.

This information makes a recent report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention particularly alarming. A survey of 11,503 adults over the age of 40, who were known to have mild to moderate visual impairment, found that 39.8 percent did not have an eye examination in the previous year due to no insurance or the cost.

Thirty-five percent did not seek eye care because they felt that they did not need it, and 4.5 percent said they could not get an appointment.

Those over the age of 65 and on Medicare obviously used lack of insurance as a reason much less frequently (23.3 percent). Remarkably, 43.8 percent of Medicare recipients felt they did not need to see an eye doctor, compared to 32.9 percent for those under age 65. Men were less interested in eye exams (41.7 percent) compared to women (28.7 percent).

People seeking eye care varied by state. In Massachusetts, 21.6 percent of those under the age of 65 did not feel the need for eye care; in Tennessee, it was 60.4 percent. For Medicare recipients, 61 percent did not seek care in Massachusetts, compared to 25.4 percent in Florida.

This information should be an urgent wake-up call for public health officials, health care providers and the population at large. Vision is perhaps the most precious of all our sensory functions. Often occurring insidiously over time, loss of eyesight is a cause of functional dependency and poor quality of life. Most importantly, for many conditions, appropriate medical management can prevent blindness. For younger people, a visit to the ophthalmologist or optometrist primarily evaluates visual acuity and the need for glasses, but it always includes screening to identify the common causes of eye disease — cataracts, glaucoma, macular degeneration and retinal disease. Although some primary care physicians can evaluate eyesight and measure eye pressure, the level of skill required for an accurate evaluation is exclusively the domain of the ophthalmologist or the optometrist, who is trained in all aspects of assessing vision and screening for eye diseases.

The most common cause of significant visual loss is a cataract, a painless clouding of the lens of the eye that interferes with the transmission of light to the back of the eye or retina. Common symptoms include blurred vision, seeing rings around lamps and trouble driving at night. Surgery is needed if vision is impaired sufficiently and interferes with daily functions. Testing for glaucoma is critically important, as vision loss progresses so slowly that a serious problem may not be identified until virtual blindness is present. Glaucoma is caused by increased eye pressure that damages the optic nerve, impairing the ability to transmit visual images to the brain. Untreated, there is a gradual loss of peripheral vision, which eventually leads to total blindness. The disease is easily diagnosed by measuring eye pressure and treated with drops to lower pressure.

Sometimes surgery is needed. Macular degeneration results in damage to the retina. In direct contrast to glaucoma, central vision is lost, but peripheral vision remains intact. Learning to look at objects out of the side of the eye can be achieved by low vision rehabilitation.

While the cause is unclear and there’s no cure for macular degeneration, treatment with vitamins, laser therapy and visual aids can be helpful. Most patients have a benign, gradually progressive disease, but some kinds can progress very rapidly (wet macular degeneration).

Many patients with diabetes develop blindness due to blockages of tiny vessels in the retina (at the back of the eye). This leads to scarring and overgrowth of fragile new vessels that are prone to bleeding and retinal detachment. Regular eye examinations are critical.

No matter your age, remember that eye examinations are essential. Not only will serious medical conditions be identified early, but just as importantly, you will also learn what you need to do to assure optimal eye health.

Written by DR. DAVID LIPSCHITZ, Creative Syndicate

Eating Fish, Shellfish May Reduce Risk For Diabetes

MedWire Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/21, Ford) reported, “Analysis of data from over 100,000 individuals in China has shown that eating fish and shellfish significantly reduces the risk for developing diabetes,” according to a study Share to FacebookShare to Twitter published online June 15 in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. After evaluating “data collected from 51,963 men aged 40-74 years and 64,193 women aged 40-70 years,” all of whom were free of cardiovascular disease, cancer, or type 2 diabetes at study start and who were followed for about nine years, researchers found that “increased intake of fish, shellfish, and long-chain n-3 fatty acids was associated with a significantly decreased risk of developing type 2 diabetes in women. In men, only shellfish intake predicted a significantly decreased risk for diabetes.”

Op-Ed Attributes Rapid Increase In Nearsightedness To Spending Time Indoors

In an op-ed in the New York Times Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/21, A27, Subscription Publication), Sandra Aamodt, a former editor in chief of Nature Neuroscience, and Sam Wang, an associate professor of molecular biology and neuroscience at Princeton University, wrote that “the rapid increase in nearsightedness appears to be due to a characteristic of modern life: more and more time spent indoors under artificial lights.” Scientists now “suspect that bright outdoor light helps children’s developing eyes maintain the correct distance between the lens and the retina — which keeps vision in focus. Dim indoor lighting doesn’t seem to provide the same kind of feedback.” Therefore, “when children spend too many hours inside, their eyes fail to grow correctly and the distance between the lens and retina becomes too long, causing far-away objects to look blurry.”

The Best 16-Minute Workout EVER

[ Weight loss and body transformation is never easy, but Jon Benson is an expert at making it EASIER. This is now killer article on how to get it done… faster and easier… enjoy! ]

When I wrote “7 Minute Muscle” and “7 Minute Body” (the in-home version; both books come in the same package) I thought I was doing the muscle-mass crowd a huge favor.

I was right… and I was wrong.

I was right because the 7MM-style training has put serious muscle shape, tone, and size on people from all ages.

I was WRONG because it did more than just add lean muscle:

THIS makes people THINNER…

7 Minute Body workouts <– fastest bodyshaping workout EVER

The short version of the science behind why this happens and a sample workout routine is included in today’s newsletter.

Yep: the workout I intended people to use for building muscle turned into one of the fastest ways to melt body fat.

Weird.

I say “weird”… it’s not that weird to me. I know why it works so well. But it was kinda weird for my readers.

The secret is density training.

Density is basically getting the most amount of work done in the least amount of time. More work in less time = more energy.

More energy spent = greater fatloss.

Fatloss (and muscle-shaping) is not an issue of length of time as much as it is an issue of work divided by time.

The body was made to perform in bursts, not in long bouts. This is why our immediate fuel sources (which come mostly from carbohydrates) are WAY too efficient… so much so that we store incredible amounts of fat from consuming too many of the “fast-fuel” foods.

The best way to combat this fat-storing problem is to use your body the way it was designed to be used: In bursts of fat-burning power that are intense, short, and highly focused.

That’s the basics behind density training.

More here:

7 Minute Body workouts <– fastest bodyshaping workout EVER

Want a practical example? Great… let’s look at a 7 Minute Muscle chest workout followed by a 7 Minute Muscle “GXP” Cardio workout.

Your total workout time: A whopping 16 minutes.

That’s “TOTAL” workout and cardio time, minus a short warm-up.

After your warm-up, you would start with the first of two “Phases”:

The first 5 minutes is called The Power Phase.

This is followed by The Mass Phase (Mass is for adding lean muscle) which last only 2 minutes.

During the Power Phase, your weight you select for any movement (from a bench press to a push-up) stays the same. This makes it very easy to shorten your rest intervals between sets.

Your repetitions will be a maximum of 5 for your Power Phase using a weight that’s about 60% of your normal 5-rep max. You will rest as little as possible between sets.

The first few sets will feel light, but as time progresses this “light” weight will become more and more challenging. In fact you will drop your repetitions down quite low in order to complete the 5-minute Phase… and that’s GOOD.

That’s what we want: As many repetitions as you can get during 5 minutes, but never exceeding FIVE repetitions, during your Power Phase.

Your rest intervals are up to YOU… you can rest a short or as long as you need.

This is a very creative and personal workout!

Your goal is simple: Get more TOTAL reps (called “Aggregate Repetitions”, or “AR”) than your previous workout.

This is what makes 7 Minute Muscle so unique: The progression is built-in.

Most people fail to progress in the gym because they simply do not track their workouts carefully enough.

With 7 Minute Muscle you don’t have to track an entire workout: Only ONE number. The total number of repetitions, or your “AR”.

Simple!

Your Power Phase for a chest workout may look like this:

EXERCISE:
Incline Machine Press (upper chest)

5 reps (rest 20 seconds)
5 reps (rest 15 seconds)
4 reps (rest 20 seconds)
3 reps (rest 30 seconds)
3 reps (rest 30 seconds)
1 rep (rest 20 seconds)
1 rep (end)

]Total AR: 22 reps
Total Time: 5 minutes

Your goal next time is to get 23 repetitions using the same weight. Once you can get 5 repetitions every set it’s time to increase the weight for this movement.

You would then move to your Mass Phase (2 minutes) which would be a different chest exercise for TEN repetitions.

Same goal, same principles apply… beat your previous AR.

The end result is a 7-minute workout that shapes your chest AND burns a lot of fat due to the principles of time/energy expenditure and the fact that muscle burns calories.

You end your 7 minute workout with “GXP” Cardio. This is 9 minutes long… that’s it! But your body is primed to melt off a lot of fat after your 7 minutes of intense weight training… and you will drop the fat if you do this workout right.

You start with 3 minutes on the exercise device of your choice (I prefer the treadmill.)

You work your way up to 85-90% of your maximum heart rate, or a perceived exertion rate on a scale of 1-10 of 7 to 8. No more is needed to get the desired results.

You stay at this level for just 3 minutes.

Then you cool down for 3 minutes.

That’s IT.

That’s your entire cardio workout and weight-training workout… all in 16 minutes (about 20 with a warm-up.)

And you will progress faster, burn a lot more fat, and save SO much time you may have to take up a new hobby!

Get more info here:

7 Minute Body workouts <– fastest bodyshaping workout EVER

[ I cannot speak highly enough about Jon and his unorthodox but effective tips on fitness and weight loss. Believe me, they WORK. I hope you enjoyed this post and want to see more. Here’s my tip: visit the pages in this article today. Your body will thank you! ]

Elderly told to have regular eye tests to stop falls

Elderly people are being encouraged to have regular eye tests as a way of preventing falls. Falls are the leading cause of accidental death in the over-75s

Age UK and the College of Optometrists say too few request the free check-ups offered to those aged above 60.

An Age UK poll of 1,700 suggests one in seven over-60s, nearly two million, has not been tested for at least two years.

Nearly four million are estimated to have fallen in the past two years, and the poll indicated one in 14 of these falls was linked to vision problems.

Falls are the leading cause of death through injury in the elderly.

Helena Herlots, of Age UK, said: “It’s worrying that such a high number of older people have not had a sight test recently.

“Going for regular sight tests and wearing the right glasses will not only improve balance, co-ordination and mobility, but will help to maintain general eye health.”

Dr Anna Kwartz, of the College of Optometrists, said: “Many of the visual problems that affect older people and lead to falls can be treated.

“Regular sight tests can help aid early detection and treatment.”

 

Lutein may protect eyes from effects of strong light: Study

The eye health benefits of lutein supplements may extend to protection against the damaging effects of strong light, suggest new findings from a Japanese study with mice.

Most lutein for supplements is extracted from marigolds

According to new findings published in the Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry lutein may protect the DNA of photoreceptive cells in the retina from the harmful effects of strong light.

Japanese researchers also report that visual impairment produced by strong light exposure was attenuated in mice fed supplements of lutein.

Lutein and its market

Lutein, a nutrient found in various foods including green leafy vegetables and egg yolk, has a ten-year history in the dietary supplement market as a nutrient to reduce the risk of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the leading cause of blindness in the over 50s.

The US is by far the most developed market for eyehealth products, partly due to a greater acceptance of dietary supplements, and partly due to higher levels of awareness, according to data from Frost & Sullivan.

Frost & Sullivan placed the US eye health ingredients market at $138m in 2008, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.3 per cent from 2008 to 2015. The European market was valued at $43.4m in 2007 with a CAGR of 10.5 per cent from 2007 to 2014.

New data

For the new study the researchers divided mice into two groups: One group was fed normal chow and the second group had their chow supplemented with 0.1 percent lutein (provided by Wakasa Seikatsu Co., Ltd., Japan). Animals were fed the diets for 10 days before being exposed to light.

Results showed that lutein supplementation was associated with a reduction in a range of detrimental effects associated with light exposure, including visual impairment, and a thinning of the layer of photoreceptor cells.

In addition, the researchers note that a marker of DNA damage was up-regulated in the normal chow-fed animals, but this was suppressed in the lutein fed animals.

“Therefore, lutein induced […] DNA repair, which could suppress DNA damage and photoreceptor cell apoptosis.

“Lutein reduced light-induced oxidative stress in the retina, which might contribute to promote DNA repair. The lutein-supplemented diet attenuated light-induced visual impairment by protecting the photoreceptor cells’ DNA,” they said.

Looking beyond the eyes

“Although lutein has been applied as a dietary supplement for chronic diseases, such as AMD, it may have a chance to be involved as a preventive medicine for acute diseases in the future,” wrote the authors.

“Moreover, elucidating the molecular mechanism of lutein’s effect on light-induced photoreceptor cell apoptosis might also be helpful for analyzing lutein’s effect on the photodamage in other organs.

“In the skin, lutein is believed to protect against edema and hyperplasia after UV exposure. The present study will help understand its molecular mechanism,” the concluded.

Source: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry

 

Research: Employees suffering from eyestrain

Recent research has found that a substantial number of workers are struggling with eye issues at work.

Conducted by the Eyecare Trust and SimplyHealth, the study found that 90 per cent of people admit to suffering from symptoms of screen fatigue, including headaches, eyestrain and problems with vision.

Despite this, just one in five employees are taking regular breaks from their computer, as advised by eye health professionals and the Health and Safety Executive.

Furthermore, around 40 per cent of workers are unaware that they can claim a free eyesight test if they regularly use a computer monitor at work.

Daska Barnett, optometrist and founder of Specs of Kensington, commented on the researcher: “People just don’t appreciate the symptoms that they have and that the cost of an eye examination will be picked up by their employer.”

She added that the majority of employees are simply unaware of the health benefits of having an eye examination and do not realise that it is something their employer would probably have to pay for.

3 Ways to Improve Your Eyesight

1. Eat Right

Vitamins A, C, E, and minerals like copper and zinc are essential to eyesight. Antioxidants protect your macula from sun damage, and foods rich in sulfur, cysteine, and lecithin help protect the lens of your eye from cataract formation. The omega-3 fat DHA provides structural support to cell membranes that boost eye health.

2. Limit Environmental Toxins

External factors that contribute to eye damage include fluorescent lights, computer screens, environmental allergens, and chlorine in swimming pools.

3. Sleep

Getting enough sleep is essential for eye health. Sleep time allows your eyes to fully rest, repair, and recover.

 

Regular eye tests important for whole family

The need for a regular eye test does not only apply to people who require glasses, it is also an important family health check. It is important to educate families on the general health benefits of having their eyes tested on an annual basis.

The main aim of proper patient education is to increase the number of households who incorporate eye check-ups into their family health routine.

An eye test can pick up a number of general health and eye conditions such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and even more serious conditions like brain tumors.

New research suggests that 61 percent of people surveyed did not know that a brain tumour could be detected by an optometrist during an eye examination.

Having an eye test could potentially save your sight or even your life.

Stress Plus Sleep Deprivation May Increase Systolic Blood Pressure

WebMD Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/15, Goodman) reported that “a stressful day after a poor night of sleep may be an especially bad combination for blood pressure,” according to a study presented at a medical conference. Investigators “recruited 20 healthy young adults and measured their blood pressure at rest and then after a stressful task, in this case, giving an impromptu speech where they had to defend themselves for a supposed transgression — either running a stop sign or taking someone’s wallet.” Approximately seven days later, after a night with no sleep, the same individuals were asked to “take the tests again.” The investigators found that “systolic blood pressures…climbed about 10 points higher when fatigued people were delivering their speeches compared to when they were doing the same task well rested.”

High Dietary Antioxidant Intake Associated With Lower Risk For Early AMD

Medscape Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/14, Barclay) reported, “High dietary intake of antioxidants is associated with a lower risk for early age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in genetically predisposed individuals,” according to a study Share to FacebookShare to Twitter published in the June issue of the Archives of Ophthalmology. In a study of 2,167 individuals over the age of 55 who were at risk of AMD, researchers found “a possible biological interaction between the CFH Y402H genotype and intakes of zinc, β-carotene, lutein/zeaxanthin, and eicosapentaenoic/docosahexaenoic acid (EPA/DHA), and between the LOC387715 A69S genotype and zinc and EPA/DHA, based on significant synergy indices (P < .05 for all).” Notably, “participants who were homozygous for CFH Y402H and had dietary zinc intake in the highest tertile had a reduction in HR for early AMD from 2.25 to 1.27.”

 

More TV Time May Be Linked To Increased Heart Disease, Diabetes Risk

Reuters Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/15, McCook) reports that, according to research Share to FacebookShare to Twitter published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, more time spent in front of the TV may be linked to an increased risk of heart disease and diabetes, as well as to an increased risk of premature death.

Bloomberg News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/15, Ostrow) reports that investigators looked at data from “eight studies.” The researchers found that, “for every two hours of TV viewing, the risk of type 2 diabetes increased 20 percent, the risk of cardiovascular disease rose 15 percent and the risk of early death rose 13 percent.”

The Washington Post Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/14, Stein) “The Checkup” blog reported that “the increased risk is apparently due at least in part to the increased risk for obesity, the researchers said.”

CNN Share to FacebookShare to Twitter /Health.com (6/15, Gardner) reports, “Extrapolating their findings to the entire US population, the researchers estimate that for every two hours Americans spend watching TV each day, there are 176 new cases of diabetes, 38 additional deaths from heart disease, and 104 additional deaths due to any cause per 100,000 people per year.”

The Boston Globe Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/14, Kotz) “Daily Dose” blog reported, “Not surprisingly, those who watched more TV tended to have poorer lifestyle habits — eating more, exercising less, and smoking more — but all of the studies used statistical methods to attempt to account for these and other factors.”

WebMD Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/14, Boyles) reported that one of the study’s authors “believes TV watching is more risky than other sedentary behaviors like working at a computer all day because it is associated with poorer eating behaviors.”

Also covering the story were HeartWire Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/14, Hughes), HealthDay Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/14, Salamon), MedPage Today Share to FacebookShare to Twitter(6/14, Phend), the UK’s Telegraph Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/15), and BBC News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/15, Roberts).

 

US Adds 8 Chemicals to Carcinogen List

There are now eight new substances on the official U.S. list of toxins known to cause or suspected of causing cancer.

There are now 240 agents on the list, maintained by the National Toxicology Program (NTP). The NTP lists agents in two categories: those known to cause cancer, and those expected to be added to the “known carcinogen” list once there’s more scientific evidence.

It’s not possible to totally avoid exposure to carcinogens, says John Bucher, PhD, associate director of the NTP, a part of the National Institutes of Health.

“We are exposed to small levels of carcinogens every day: in drugs, in chemicals, in sunlight, in tanning beds, in tobacco smoke, over and over every day,” Bucher said at a news teleconference. “This report is just to allow people to have the information they need to make choices every day. Simply avoid using products containing these substances if you are uncomfortable with the risk.”

Most of the known risk comes from industrial exposures to workers at manufacturing plants. It’s not clear how much risk, if any, comes from the many consumer products that emit small amounts of these carcinogens.

Bucher says he’s not worried about his own daily exposures. “I probably won’t be making many changes,” he said.

New Carcinogens

The two new known carcinogens are aristolochic acids and formaldehyde.

Aristolochic acids are the active ingredient in a number of unsafe herbal remedies. The FDA has been warning Americans about these herbs since 2000. All herbal remedies suspected of containing aristolochic acid are banned in the U.S. and in Europe.

Formaldehyde is used to manufacture a wide range of products. The most common source of formaldehyde exposure is cigarette smoke. Cars and wood stoves give off formaldehyde, but most exposure comes from indoor air. New home finishing products and consumer goods such as some hair-smoothing/straightening products, cleaning agents, and glues may contain formaldehyde.

The six agents now “reasonably anticipated to be carcinogens” are:

  • Styrene, a compound used to make polystyrene. Although disposable cups made from polystyrene leach small amounts of styrene, Bucher says the amounts are very small.
  • Captafol, a fungicide once commonly used in agriculture but no longer produced after 1987 or used after 2006 in the U.S.
  • Cobalt-tungsten carbide (in powder or hard metal form) is used to make hard-metal tools. The major source of exposure is from plants manufacturing such products.
  • Certain inhalable glass wool fibers used in air filters or as insulation. The type of glass wool used for insulation and filtration may be less dangerous than the special kind used for manufacturing.
  • O-nitrotoluene is used in the manufacture of dyes. Most exposures come from air or ground pollution.
  • Riddelliine is a plant compound found in a type of daisy found in the Western U.S. and in other parts of the world. It has been used accidentally in medicinal herbs and may contaminate the milk of cows that graze on the plants.

Listing of a substance as a carcinogen by the NTP does not limit its use. However, NTP determinations are used by agencies such as the FDA and OSHA as the basis for regulations.

~Daniel J. DeNoon

Does healthy eating cost you more?

One of the biggest myths out there is the myth that eating healthy costs too much.

Just the opposite… and I’ll prove it to you in three ways.

#1:  Cash

Here’s some sample figures courtesy of Scott Tousignant’s fitness blog…

:  2 medium size sweet potatoes $1 or… small fries from a fast food joint

:  2 red peppers $1 or… a can of pop

:  Bowl of oatmeal with fruit & protein powder $2 or… large bag of chips

:  6 Chicken Breasts $10 or… a sub combo from a fast food joint

:  18 eggs $3.50 or… a burger from a fast food joint

:  2 salmon fillets $15 or… large pizza

:  Loaded chicken salad (homemade) $3 or… bag of cookies

:  Large bag of oatmeal $3.50 or… 4 chocolate bars

Not much of a comparison, it is?

Yet the foods on the left would feed a family of two or more for 4-7 days… the foods on the right? 2-3 days if you live through it.

Tips to make the most expensive part of eating healthy — the cost of quality meats — go further include…

1. Use tofu fillers in chicken and beef recipes. Even if you hate tofu, you can barely taste the difference when combined properly.

2. Buy your meats in bulk online. You can find less expensive grass-fed beef and naturally-raised chicken and have it delivered to you if you live near a large city. If not, check the local farmers.

3. Eat meat only 3-4 times per week and use black beans with rice or inexpensive tuna for your other days. I eat tuna cooked in a skillet with lots of veggies and some olive oil almost every night and I LOVE the taste!

Jon Benson’s book The Every Other Day Dietplan ( http://www.jonbensonfitness.com/go/kdtruong/eodd) has over 40 pages of recipes in it to help you eat healthy and cheap… and you can still eat out and consume your favorite foods several times per week.

#2:  Your Health

Do we ‘really’ need to talk about buy new (usually larger) clothes every year or two? Or about the health care costs associated with being even 20 pounds over your ideal weight, let alone more? How about the time you miss from work with excessive colds?

Eating healthy and taking care of your body adds years to your life… and for the record, the years eating poorly takes away from your life, on average, costs each American over 80,000 in medical expenses.

Want to add that to your food budget?

#3: The Big Picture

Anyone who has been fit knows the joy it brings… the freedom you feel from wearing whatever you want… the productivity you see from increased energy… the pace at which you move during the day.

Not only are these gifts priceless, but they are also massive cash-savers. Your productivity alone can add thousands to your bottom line each year, well off-setting any costs associated with eating quality food.

The Bottom Line…

Like any good accountant would suggest, you need to look at your ROI (return on in.vest.ment) if nothing else.

What does in.vest.ing in a better body, greater health, and vibrant energy do for your life? How can that actually translate into more in.come AND less expense?

You will be surprised.

Sincerely,

Khoa

P.S.  If you want some tips on getting started with shedding that excess weight… go here for a short video… and prepare to take some notes! …

it’s freee….

http://www.jonbensonfitness.com/go/kdtruong/eodd; <— click.here

Optometrists urging eye exams for children as young as 6 months old

Optometrists say vision development is most dramatic in children between 6 and 12 months old.

Regular eye exams are vital to anyone’s health, particularly children.

Many optometrists believe eye exams should begin even before a child can read the chart on the wall.

Vision has a large impact on a child’s health and learning abilities.

So optometrists are now urging parents to take babies for an eye exam when they are between 6 and 12 months old.

Experts say that’s when vision development is most dramatic.

“The eye and the brain have to work together, and they have to be stimulated,” Dr. Andrea P. Thau, an American Academy of Optometry fellow, said. “They have to actually see targets. That first year of life is when the eyes actually get stimulated and start to work together. In utero, that can’t happen. You need to actually have the external stimulation for that to occur.”

The American Optometric Association is making sure that every infant in the United States gets a free comprehensive eye health and vision assessment through its new program, called InfantSee. infantsee.org/

What doctors look for in an eye exam

Q. How often should you get an eye exam?

A. For most people, we recommend once a year. The main reason to do this every year is to check the health of the eyes. We look for signs of problems like glaucoma, diabetes and macular degeneration in older adults. In younger people under the age of 20, the most common problem is the need for constant prescription changes.

Q. Who do you go to for an eye exam?

A. Most people go to an optometrist for an eye exam. Optometrists provide primary eye care, which includes checking eye health and treating vision disorders with eyeglasses and contact lenses. Optometrists are also highly trained in the detection and treatment of eye diseases and ocular emergencies.

Ophthalmologists may also provide primary eye care, but most focus on surgery of the eye and treatment of advanced eye diseases. Many ophthalmologists specialize in areas like cataracts, glaucoma, retina or cornea.

Q. What are some common diseases and problems of the eye?

A. Myopia, or nearsightedness, which is when light entering the eye is focused in front of the retina and distant objects appear blurred.

Hyperopia, or farsightedness, which is when light entering the eye is focused behind the retina and objects close-up are blurred.

Astigmatism is when the cornea has an irregular curvature, causing blurred vision.

* Eyeglasses, contact lenses or refractive surgery can correct all three of these.

Amblyopia, or what is commonly referred to as “lazy eye,” is a disorder in which a person has trouble seeing details through one eye. This problem needs to be caught early in order to correct it properly. If it is not detected before the age of 3, it is possible that the eye will stay this way. Prescription glasses can often fully correct this if caught early on.

Strabismus is a disorder that the two eyes do not line up in same direction. The eyes are then not looking at the same object at the same time. This is sometimes commonly referred to as “cross-eyed” or “lazy eye,” as well. A lot of times, this is corrected through eye surgery and/or eyeglasses.

Eye teaming is when the two eyes don’t work perfectly together or don’t stay working together when reading. This is more common in kids and can often lead to poor grades or school performance. This can be treated through eye exercises or glasses.

Focusing problems are common eye problems found in people after the age of 40, in which people cannot see up close. This is usually treated with multi-focal glasses, or its older term, “bifocals.”

Some common eye diseases:

Glaucoma is when the optic nerve is damaged from too much pressure in the eye.

Macular degeneration affects your central vision and usually occurs in people over the age of 70.

Diabetic retinopathy is when there is damage to the eye’s retinal blood vessels and is due to diabetes.

Hypertensive retinopathy is when there is damage to the eye’s retina due to high blood pressure.

Cataracts is the clouding of the lens inside the eye and is typically a problem for people above the age of 65.

Q. Where to go for more information?

A.Check out the American Optometric Association — http://www.aoa.org/

~ Dr. Darrin Vits, OD, is an optometrist at The Eye Institute at Springfield Clinic in Illinois.

Prolonged Sitting May Be As Dangerous As Smoking

The UK’s Daily Mail Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/10) reports, “Research carried out by the American College of Cardiology shows that prolonged sitting is linked to increased risk of heart disease, obesity, diabetes, cancer and even early death and could be just as dangerous, if not more so, than smoking.” One cardiologist said, “Smoking certainly is a major cardiovascular risk factor and sitting can be equivalent in many cases.”

“Millions” In US Concerned About Effects Of Statins

ABC World News (6/9, story 8, 1:40, Sawyer) reported, “Tonight, the millions and millions of Americans who take a high dose, 80 milligrams of certain cholesterol lowering drugs, in particular Zocor [simvastatin] and Vytorin [ezetimibe and simvastatin], are on alert that these statins in high doses can cause muscle tissue to break down. The cells can actually die.” On the air, ABC interviewed Stephen Nissen, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic to discuss “the dangers with the higher dose.” Nissen discussed muscle deterioration or “pain or muscle weakness” and advised patients to “discuss it with their doctor,” noting that is “particularly important if you are taking this higher dose in the form of Zocor or Vytorin or the generic.”

Blogger: “Scary Thing” About Simvastatin Is Length Since Approval. In “The Medicine Show” blog at the Forbes Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/9) website, Matthew Herper wrote about “The Scary thing About the FDA’s Simvastatin Decision.” He argued that the decision to tell physicians not to prescribe the 80-milligram dose is “scary” because “simvastatin was approved in 1991. This drug has been on the market for 20 years” and underwent heavy scrutiny when it was approved. Herper added, “And, despite the tone of much of the coverage, this is not a medicine only taken by a few people,” but instead by some two million who the FDA said “had been prescribed the 80 milligram dose, either by itself or in a combination pill like Vytorin or Simcor, last year.”

Blogger: Some Answers To “What Took So Long?” The NPR Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/9, Knox) “Shots” blog reported that “the fact that 80 daily milligrams of simvastatin (brand name Zocor) can cause serious muscle damage has been known for years. So why did it take the Food and Drug Administration so long to tell doctors and patients they should avoid that dose?” He said “the answer reveals a lot about the FDA’s reluctance to restrict use of a popular drug — much less move to take it off the market — even when there are safer alternatives.” Knox explained his conclusion and quoted “Dr. Amy Egan, the FDA’s deputy director for safety in the division that deals with statin drugs,” who said “basically we had to go back to the statin sponsors and have them submit additional data from their large clinical trials.” The post also examined the role of the cost and popularity of the medicine.

 

One In Three Adults Unaware Of Eye Health Risks Of Too Much Sun Exposure

USA Today Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/9, Healy) reports that wearing a hat and protecting eyes “from harmful UV rays” is as much a part of sun protection as slathering on sunscreen. “A 2009 survey by the American Optometric Association found that one in three adults are unaware of the eye health risks of spending too much time in the sun without proper protection.” Excessive UV exposure may result in pterygium, macular degeneration, or cataracts. And, “even a few hours of intense, unprotected exposure can have consequences, says optometrist Sarah Hinkley of the American Optometric Association,” possibly leading to painful photokeratitis.

EyeCare America Reveals the “ABCs” Of Eye Health

As Schools Give Final Exams in June, Older Americans Can Learn About a Program that Provides Eye Exams at No Out-of-Pocket Cost

Can you imagine opening a textbook, only to see large black spots where words should be? Or just a large, hazy blur instead of sentences? This is what someone suffering from eye disease might see.

EyeCare America reminds everyone that education is lifelong. It’s never too late to learn how to take better care of your eyes, starting with these “ABCs”:

ACTIVATE your lifestyle. Get regular exercise and eat a diet rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains, avoiding fats and sweets. What’s good for your whole body is also good for your eyes.

BOOK an appointment today with an optometrist or ophthalmologist for a full eye exam. EyeCare America, a public service program of the Foundation of the American Academy of Ophthalmology, provides eye exams at no out-of-pocket cost to people age 65 and older and offers free educational materials. The eye exams are provided by a corps of nearly 7,000 volunteer ophthalmologists across the U.S. and Puerto Rico. Those interested in the program can visit www.eyecareamerica.org to see if they are eligible. The organization’s online referral center also enables friends and family members to find out instantly if their loved ones are eligible to be matched with an EyeCare America volunteer ophthalmologist.

CONTINUE to see your doctor regularly and to care for your eyes, so they can take care of you.

EyeCare America is designed for people who:

  • Are U.S. citizens or legal residents
  • Are age 65 and older
  • Have not seen an ophthalmologist in three or more years
  • Do not belong to an HMO or receive eye care benefits through the VA.

To see immediately if you, a loved one or a friend, 65 or older, is eligible to receive a referral for an eye exam and care, visitwww.eyecareamerica.org.

EyeCare America is co-sponsored by the Knights Templar Eye Foundation, Inc., with additional support provided by Alcon. The program is endorsed by state and subspecialty ophthalmological societies.

About EyeCare America

Established in 1985, EyeCare America, the public service program of the Foundation of the American Academy of Ophthalmology, is committed to the preservation of sight, accomplishing its mission through public service and education. EyeCare America provides year round eye care services to medically underserved seniors and those at increased risk for eye disease through its corps of nearly 7,000 volunteer ophthalmologists dedicated to serving their communities. More than 90 percent of the care made available is provided at no out-of-pocket cost to the patients. Since its inception, EyeCare America has helped more than 1.5 million people. EyeCare America is a non-profit program whose success is made possible through charitable contributions from individuals, foundations and corporations. More information can be found at:www.eyecareamerica.org.

SOURCE EyeCare America

 

Researchers Seeking Ways To Prevent Type 1 Diabetes

On the front of its Personal Journal section, the Wall Street Journal Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/7, Wang, D1, Subscription Publication) reports that as more American children are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, researchers are working harder than ever to find ways of preventing the disease. Now, new studies funded by the US government are suggesting that it may one day be possible to prevent type 1 diabetes. In one 10-year study, researchers with financial support from the National Institutes of Health found that oral insulin caused a delay of full-blown type 1 diabetes of approximately four years in certain patients. Currently, NIH is sponsoring a study to examine if taking oral insulin can delay or prevent type 1 diabetes in patients at high-risk for developing the disease. Meanwhile, in a study partially funded by NIH, researchers are evaluating teplizumab as a means of preventing type 1 diabetes. Research in animal models looks promising.

Islet Cell Transplants Allow Some With Type 1 Diabetes To Discontinue Insulin. The Orlando Sentinel Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/7, Jameson) reports that “fewer than 1,000 type 1 diabetics worldwide who have received a pancreatic islet cell transplant, an experimental cure for diabetes.” The procedure, “first performed successfully in 1990…involves harvesting the fragile insulin-producing islet cells from a deceased donor’s pancreas and transfusing them into the liver of the recipient.” The transplanted beta cells go on to make insulin. However, “‘islet cell transplantation is still experimental,’ said Dr. Thomas Eggerman, director of the clinical islet transplantation program for the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases at the National Institutes of Health.” Even though “islet cell transplantation is safer and less invasive, whole organ transplants are considered more durable, he said,” results scientists are working hard to change.

 

AOA: Optometrists Seeing Increase In Flood-Related Eye Infections

The Sioux City Journal Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/5, Fox) reported, “According to the American Optometric Association, doctors of optometry have seen an increase in flood-related eye infections, particularly in areas throughout Iowa, and believe that these cases will continue to rise in the coming weeks.” That is because “flooding causes an increase in the incidence of water-borne pathogens — including amoeba, parasites, bacteria and viruses. These can be dangerous to the eye and may lead to infections, other complications and even loss of sight,” particularly if someone wears contact lenses and uses tap water instead of sterile eye care products to clean them.

Why a regular eye test is so important

SIGHT is the sense most of us fear losing, but many of us don’t know the best way to look after our eyes.

National eye health week, which starts a week today, aims to raise awareness of eye health and the importance of regular eye checks.

The RNIB recommends an annual sight test for children up to the age of 16 and then at least every two years until the age of 59. Those over 60 should have an annual test.

Many of us will experience temporary eye problems from time to time. These are usually short-lived and will probably go away on their own with no complications.

But sudden eye problems and those that last for more than a couple of days should be checked by an ophthalmologist.

More than 100,000 people in Wales are living with sight loss, which has a huge impact on individuals, their families and society.

More than 1,000 people in Wales lose their sight unnecessarily annually despite new treatments for eye disease – this is three people every day.

Half of all cases of sight loss are avoidable.

It is vitally important to note that if we do not engage in eye testing the end result could be the development of an eye condition with irreparable damage that can lead to blindness.

Waiting times for referrals for treatment in secondary eye care have increased massively in Wales over the past 12 months.

The hospital eye service is now struggling to meet demand.

Although work is continuing to ensure more patients can be monitored in the community, the service faces significant challenges as the prevalence of eye problems and sight loss in older people increases.

Between March 2010 and 2011 the number of people waiting for referrals to treatment in Wales increased from 27,113 to 29,432.

Nurses carry out several roles in sight and eye healthcare for patients, including in accident and emergency settings; in hospital eye services; ophthalmology specialised care; diabetes services and in primary care services.

Ophthalmology specialist nurses have undergone specialist training and may have additional training in ophthalmic nursing. School nurses, practice nurses and health visitors are involved in monitoring eye health at primary care level.

Anyone over the age of 60 or on certain state benefits or with certain medical conditions can have an NHS sight test free of charge.

The Welsh eye care initiative funds eye health examinations for patients who may be at greater risk of eye disease, including if you have sight in one eye only; if you have a hearing impairment and are profoundly deaf – these patients need sight to lip read.

Eye examinations are also funded if you suffer from retinitis pigmentosa; if one of your parents has an eye disease which is known to be inherited; if your family origins are Black African, Black Caribbean, Indian, Pakistani or Bangladeshi; or if you are at risk of eye disease by other race or family reasons.

If people are unable to leave home unaccompanied, an optometrist will come to their home and provide the NHS sight test there.

All of us have heard the old saying that a stitch in time saves nine.

In the same way, early detection of eye diseases and their timely management can prevent significant vision loss.

~ Tina Donnelly is director of the Royal College of Nursing in Wales

“A Day For The Community” event

In order to promote community work, especially in light of the recent violence against our youth, we are going to partner up with other volunteers and business owners to create an event for the community. We will have speakers from Police departments, business owners, and creator of this event De Le. We are going to focus on one message — The community and keeping kids on the right track. This will be educational and we will have refreshments for everyone. Come and join us at the awesome Microsoft Store in Fashion Valley.

Our partners so far are KDT Optometry, Microsoft, www.f’exy.com and www.worldtunedradio.com. The Medical Event doctors will also have a chance to perform their trades for the community at this event. Dr. Khoa Truong and his team will be there to perform free vision screenings and answer eye health related questions. Dr. David Huynh will be there to perform basic chiropractic analysis and answer health related issues.

Violence against our community will not be tolerated! Children will be given a chance to be children!!

Time
Sunday, June 19 · 12:00pm – 3:00pm

Location
Microsoft Store in Fashion Valley

[mappress mapid=”5″]

AAP Guidelines Nix Energy Drinks for Children, Teens

May 31, 2011 — Energy drinks pose potential health risks for children and adolescents primarily because of the stimulant content in the drinks, according to a new clinical report from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) offering guidelines for use of energy drinks and sports drinks in this age group.

The new recommendations state that energy drinks should never be consumed by children or adolescents, although they are being marketed to this age group for a wide variety of inappropriate uses.

The AAP report was published online May 29 and will appear in the June issue of Pediatrics.

“There is a lot of confusion about sports drinks and energy drinks, and adolescents are often unaware of the differences in these products,” said Marcie Beth Schneider, MD, FAAP, a member of the AAP Committee on Nutrition and coauthor of the report, in a news release. “Some kids are drinking energy drinks — containing large amounts of caffeine — when their goal is simply to rehydrate after exercise. This means they are ingesting large amounts of caffeine and other stimulants, which can be dangerous.”

Goals of AAP Report

The main goals of the AAP clinical report were to define the ingredients of sports and energy drinks, describe the similarities and differences between the products, and discuss misuses and abuses of these beverages. Secondary goals were to encourage screening for sports and energy drink use during annual physical examinations, to help explain why consumption by youth is highly prevalent, and to improve education aimed at reducing or eliminating the inappropriate use of these drinks by children and adolescents.

Sports drinks contain carbohydrates, minerals, electrolytes, and flavoring, and are intended to replace water and electrolytes lost through sweating during exercise. Although they may be useful for young athletes participating in prolonged, vigorous physical exercise, they tend to be overused and are usually unnecessary.

“For most children engaging in routine physical activity, plain water is best,” said coauthor Holly J. Benjamin, MD, FAAP, a member of the executive committee of the AAP Council on Sports Medicine and Fitness. “Sports drinks contain extra calories that children don’t need, and could contribute to obesity and tooth decay. It’s better for children to drink water during and after exercise, and to have the recommended intake of juice and low-fat milk with meals. Sports drinks are not recommended as beverages to have with meals.”

Unlike sports drinks, energy drinks contain stimulants including caffeine, guarana, and/or taurine. Rigorous review and analysis of the literature suggest that energy drinks are never appropriate for children or adolescents. Because caffeine has been associated with harmful neurologic and cardiovascular effects in children, caffeine-containing beverages, including soda, should be avoided. The AAP report lists the contents of specific sports drinks and energy drinks currently available.

“In many cases, it’s hard to tell how much caffeine is in a product by looking at the label,” Dr. Schneider said. “Some cans or bottles of energy drinks can have more than 500 mg of caffeine, which is the equivalent of 14 cans of soda.”

AAP Recommendations

Specific AAP recommendations regarding use of sports drinks and energy drinks in children and adolescents include the following:

  • Pediatricians should educate patients and their parents regarding the potential health risks of energy drinks and sports drinks and explain the significant differences between these types of drinks. The terms should not be used interchangeably.
  • Energy drinks should never be consumed by children or adolescents, because the stimulants they contain pose potential health risks.
  • Children and adolescents should avoid and restrict routine consumption of carbohydrate-containing sports drinks, which can increase the risk for overweight, obesity, and dental erosion.
  • For pediatric athletes, sports drinks should be consumed in combination with water during prolonged, vigorous physical activity, when rapid replenishment of carbohydrates and/or electrolytes is needed.
  • For children and adolescents, water, not sports drinks, should be the principal source of hydration.

Further Concerns

“Confusion about energy by young people can lead to unintentional ingestion of energy drinks when their goal is simply to rehydrate and replenish carbohydrate, electrolytes, and water with sports drinks,” the report authors write. “Using energy drinks instead of sports drinks for rehydration can result in ingestion of potentially large amounts of caffeine or other stimulant substances and the adverse effects previously described.”

A 2007 Institute of Medicine report titled Nutrition Standards for Foods in Schools recommended limiting sugars in food and beverages; providing water at no cost; restricting carbonated, fortified, or flavored waters; restricting sports drinks to use by athletes only during prolonged, vigorous sports activities; prohibiting energy drink use, even for athletes; and prohibiting the sale of caffeinated products in school.

“Of additional concern is the intentional use of energy drinks by adolescents who desire stimulant effects to combat fatigue and increase energy during sports and school activities,” the authors of the report conclude. “Advertisements that target young people are contributing to the confusion rather than effectively distinguishing between sports and energy drinks. Furthermore, marketing fails to identify appropriate sources and amounts of energy substrate that should be consumed by children and adolescents.”

~Laurie Barclay, MD

 

3 ways to eat fast-food and drop bodyfat!

Fitness madman Jon Benson is at it again… this time telling us you can get “skinnny eating fast-food…” And he intends to prove it. Naturally you have to modify the way you eat fast-food (duh!) but his tips are really clever. Here’s 3 for you today…

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3 fast-food fatloss-tips

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Believe it or not you can get lean by eating fast food.

I know, it sounds crazy… but in a few weeks I’m going to prove it to the world with the release of my newest mini e-book “Fast Food Fitness: How I Dropped 40lbs Eating Fast Food Every Day.”

Do you think I’m joking?  I’m not.

Of course there’s a WAY to eat fast food and drop the pounds. You can’t just eat like everyone else does. That’s common sense.

And believe me, there are more healthy ways to drop the pounds than eating fast food… for sure.

But the way I figure it: Would you rather be healthIER and lean or UNhealthy and overfat?

Silly question… so consider “Fast Food Fitness” a path to the lesser of two evils… and one that actually got me to 10% bodyfat (that’s pretty lean!) a few years ago.

Here’s how it started:

I simply hate to cook!  I have since solved that problem… I hired a part-time chef (it’s cheaper than it sounds)… but until two years ago I was eating out every single meal… I mean EVERY MEAL.

Most of the time… not all of the time, but most of the time… these meals were fast food joints like burger joints and even fried chicken places.

But I had to keep my physique, so … what to do?

Well… you’ll have to wait. At least a few weeks.

If you want the book for half-price, you have to own a copy of “Every Other Day Dietplan”… everyone who owns a copy before “Fast Food Fitness” hits the Internet will get half-off.

So go here if you don’t have EODD yet …

click—–>  http://www.jonbensonfitness.com/go/kdtruong/eodd

Here’s 3 of my top 25 fast-food diet-tips… just these 3 will take you 1/3 of the way there…

First, use my Half-n-Half Principle. Order whatever you are going to order and then have the person behind the counter cut the order exactly in HALF.

Half to go… half to eat there.

Eat half now…. then the other half 3-4 hours later. Believe it or not you will store less bodyfat and even increase your metabolism eating like this.

Simple trick… give it a shot.

Second, ditch all the starch. That means buns, bread and anything made of flour. BUT here’s the “still tastes good” trick I use. I keep ONE of the pieces of bread from, say, my hamburger. Then I “pick” at it while I enjoy the meat and either a small diet soda or tea. Eat no more than 5 “picks” at the bread… about half a slice. You still get the exact taste of a burger with none of the stuff that makes most people over-fat.

Third, for you chicken lovers, split your order between fried and baked chicken. KFC has excellent baked chicken… try it. Then strip most of the skin off the fried chicken. Not all… most.

You still get the taste, but with far fewer bad food-stuffs and calories…. make sense?

Enjoy the tips… but remember, the healthiest (and tastiest) way to eat is still my Every Other Day DIetplan, which works in your favorite foods each week….

click—–> http://www.jonbensonfitness.com/go/kdtruong/eodd

CDC: Over One Million Americans Now Living With HIV

The AP Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/3, Stobbe) reports that about “1.1 million Americans were living with the AIDS virus in 2008, an increase of about 71,000 from 2006,” according to a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study published in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Thursday.

HealthDay Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/3, Reinberg) reports that the CDC says that each year in the US, “some 50,000 people become newly infected with HIV. Over half of these new infections are among gay and bisexual men, and of these about 50 percent are African-American,” according to the report. In another report in the same issue of MMWR, the CDC “contends that gay and bisexual men might benefit from more frequent HIV testing.”

WebMD Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/2, Hendrick) explains that, according to the report, at the end of “2008, 75% of people living with HIV were men, and 65.7% of them were men who have sex with men.” HIV prevalence rates among “African-Americans were about eight times that of whites,” and HIV prevalence rates for “Hispanics or Latinos were about 2.5 times that of whites.” People between ages “13 and 24 have the highest percentage of undiagnosed HIV, at 58.9%.” The CDC says that the number of people living with HIV continues to rise primarily because of “highly effective drugs that allow people infected with HIV to live longer, healthier lives.”

MedPage Today Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/2, Smith) reported that in the accompanying article, the CDC reported that an “estimated 1,178,350 people were living with HIV at the end of 2008, with an additional 594,496 having died from AIDS since 1981.” Of those currently living with HIV, the agency reported, “20.1% do not know they are infected, which means they are more likely to pass on the virus.” AFP Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/3) also covers the MMWR studies.

 

Strong Evidence Links Meat to Higher Risk for Colon Cancer

May 30, 2011 — A new report has confirmed that red and processed meat increases the risk for colorectal cancer, and the evidence that foods containing fiber offer protection against the disease has become stronger.

The report, released as part of the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) groundbreaking Continuous Update Project (CUP), examined the relation between the risk for colorectal cancer and diet, physical activity, and weight.

According to the findings, it is estimated that about 45% of colorectal cancer cases could be prevented if people consumed more fiber-rich plant foods, consumed less meat and alcohol, became more physically active, and maintained a healthy weight. That would prevent more than 64,000 cases in the United States every year.

Update of Earlier Report

WCRF/AICR-funded scientists at Imperial College London, United Kingdom, conducted a systematic review of the literature, which added 263 papers on colorectal cancer to the 749 that were analyzed as part of the 2007 report. An independent expert panel then reviewed the results and made judgments.

The findings of the WCRF/AICR’s 2007 report, Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Cancer: A Global Perspective, have been updated accordingly.

“Our review has found strong evidence that many cases of bowel cancer are not inevitable, and that people can significantly reduce their risk by making changes to their diet and lifestyle,” said Alan Jackson, MD, chair of the WCRF/AICR CUP expert panel, in a statement.

He added that there has been a lot of debate during the past few years about the strength of evidence suggesting that red and processed meat increases the risk for cancer. “We hope our review can give clarity to people who are still confused about the strength of the evidence,” Dr. Jackson explained.

“Because our judgments are based on more evidence than ever before, it means the public can be confident that this represents the best advice available on preventing bowel cancer,” he added. “On meat, the clear message that comes out of our report is that red and processed meat increase risk of bowel cancer and that people who want to reduce their risk should consider cutting down the amount they eat.”

Barriers to Improving Health

Colon cancer is one of the most preventable cancers there is, and this is a ‘teaching moment’ for physicians.

Alice Bender, MS, RD, a nutritionist at AICR, acknowledges that simply putting out a message doesn’t mean that people will automatically change their eating and lifestyle habits. “There are a lot of barriers to improving health,” she said in an interview. “But colon cancer is one of the most preventable cancers there is, and this is a ‘teaching moment’ for physicians.”

Physicians can emphasize the preventability aspect of making lifestyle changes along with other initiatives, such as screening, she explained.

Ms. Bender pointed out that none of these diseases exist in isolation. “If something impacts the risk in one disease, then it generally will impact another,” she said. “In this case, the recommendations can help lower the risk of other chronic diseases, such as diabetes.”

Ms. Bender also acknowledges that many physicians are busy and have limited time to counsel patients about diet and lifestyle. “In that case, referrals can be made to other professionals, such as registered dieticians,” she said. “Dieticians will have more time than physicians to really discuss these issues and help patients make changes.”

Support From Other Guidelines

Both the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the American Cancer Society (ACS) have issued guidelines that echo many of the recommendations of the WCRF/AICR report. The USDA guidelines, which were released earlier this year and are geared toward reversing the rate of overweight and obese people, place a more pronounced emphasis on reducing caloric intake and increasing physical activity, and recommend increasing the intake of fruit, vegetables, whole grains, and fiber.

As previously reported by Medscape Medical News, the USDA guidelines overlap much of the advice from the WCRF/AICR and ACS, but there is one notable difference between them: the USDA does not recommend limiting red and processed meat, whereas the ACS and WCRF/AICR do.

The ACS recommendation for reducing the intake of red and processed meat was made on the basis of a wealth of studies showing increased colorectal cancer risk, Marji McCullough, ScD, RD, strategic director of nutritional epidemiology at the ACS, previously told Medscape Medical News.

New Data Support 2007 Recommendations

For red and processed meat, the findings from 10 new studies were added to the 14 studies that were evaluated in the 2007 report. From these 24 studies, the panel confirmed that there is convincing evidence that both red and processed meat can increase the risk for colorectal cancer.

The WCRF/AICR recommend that the consumption of red meat be limited to 500 g/week, which is roughly the equivalent of 5 or 6 medium portions of beef, lamb, or pork. They also recommend that processed meat be avoided.

According to their data, if 3.5 ounces of red meat are consumed every day (24.5 ounces per week), the risk for colorectal cancer will be 17% higher than if no red meat is consumed. If the amount of red meat consumed is doubled (7.0 ounces every day; 49 ounces per week), the risk is 34% higher. However, the evidence found that there was very little increase in risk for individuals who ate less than 18 ounces of red meat per week.

The cancer risk associated with processed meat, which includes ham, bacon, pastrami, hot dogs, and sausages, was much higher. Consuming 3.5 ounces every day (24.5 ounces per week) was associated with a risk that is 36% higher than the risk of consuming no processed meat. As with red meat, the higher the rate of consumption, the higher the risk for colorectal cancer.

There were 15 cohort studies included in the update that investigated the association between alcohol consumption and cancer. Overall, the experts found that all cohort studies showed an increased risk for colorectal and colon cancers with higher intake. This evidence is consistent with the earlier conclusions, they write, in that “ethanol from alcoholic drinks as a cause of colorectal cancer in men is convincing; and it is probably a cause in women.”

The updated report reaffirms AICR’s recommendation that individuals consume a plant-based diet that includes foods containing fiber, such as whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and beans, they write.

Elisa Bandera, MD, PhD, who is a member of the CUP expert panel, noted that many people are confused about cancer prevention because “it can seem like a new study is published every week that suggests something either causes or prevents cancer.”

“But the CUP takes the latest scientific findings and adds them to the existing body of evidence in a systematic way that ensures our advice takes the latest research into account,” Dr. Bandera, who is from the Cancer Institute of New Jersey, New Brunswick, said in a statement. “This means people can be confident that AICR’s recommendations represent the most up-to-date, evidence–based information on cancer prevention available.”

~Roxanne Nelson

 

Resistance Training Improves Generalized Anxiety Disorder

June 2, 2011 (Denver, Colorado) — Resistance training reduces symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), compared with aerobic exercise or no exercise at all, according to research presented here at the American College of Sports Medicine 58th Annual Meeting.

Patients with GAD tend to be physically inactive, although exercise training has been shown to reduce anxiety symptoms in healthy adults and patients with chronic disease, and to benefit patients with major depressive disorder.

To investigate the potential benefits of exercise on worry symptoms and anxiety remission rates in patients with GAD, researchers randomized a group of 30 sedentary women with a primary DSM-IV diagnosis of GAD to receive a 6-week regimen of either resistance training or aerobic exercise training, or to be placed on a wait list (control group).

The women were not involved in any treatment other than pharmacotherapy.

After the 6-week training period, the researchers found rates of anxiety remission to be as high as 60% in the resistance training group, compared with 40% in the aerobic exercise group and 30% in the control group.

The resistance training consisted of 2 weekly sessions of lower-body weightlifting, starting at 50% of 1 repetition maximum during week 1, and progressing 5% weekly.

The aerobic exercise training involved 2 weekly sessions of leg cycling, matched with resistance training on the body region exercised, and weekly load progression.

Rates of remission were defined as the number needed to treat (NNT). Worry symptoms were measured with the Penn State Worry Questionnaire, and analyzed using a mixed-model condition × time (3 × 3) analysis of covariance, adjusted for a baseline and testing period.

In addition to the improvements in remission rates, an assessment of remission based on NNT showed 3.33 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.72 to 55.56) for resistance exercise training and 10 (95% CI, –6.79 to 2.88) for aerobic training.

The results also showed a significant condition × time interaction for worry symptoms (F[3.962, 49.529], 2.815;P = .035).

A follow-up contrast showed significant reductions in worry symptoms for combined exercise conditions, compared with the control group (t[25.943], 2.168; P = .039).

The researchers theorized that because depression and GAD are influenced by similar genetic factors, anxiety might show improvement from exercise similar to that seen with depression.

They also noted that there were exercise effects on other signs and symptoms of GAD, including fatigue, poor concentration, and muscle tension.

Lead author Matthew P. Herring, PhD, a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Exercise Science at the University of South Carolina, Columbia, speculated that the greater improvement with resistance exercise might be related to the intensity of the activity.

“Findings of lower rates of remission for aerobic exercise suggest that the effect of exercise was plausibly related to the relative exercise intensity, as indicated by ratings of perceived exertion during each exercise session,” he explained. “Aerobic exercise sessions were perceived as less intense than resistance exercise sessions.”

He added that the study looked primarily at women because they are more frequently affected by GAD than men, and the disparity only increases with age.

“Although functional impairments and comorbid conditions are present for both men and women with GAD, disability and rates of comorbid mood disorders are significantly higher among women.”

“Future research trials should examine potential gender differences in exercise effects among men and women with GAD.”

In the meantime, Dr. Herring said, the findings demonstrate a strong potential role for exercise in helping to treat anxiety.

“Our findings suggest that exercise training is a feasible, safe, and well-tolerated short-term treatment option, potential adjuvant therapy, or augmentation for patients with generalized anxiety disorder,” he asserted. “These findings warrant further investigation with larger trials.”

David B. Coppel, PhD, director of neuropsychological services and research at the Seattle Sports Concussion Program, and professor at the University of Washington, agreed that additional research should look into the effects of exercise in both sexes, but he said the study raises a number of other questions.

“I would particularly like to know the cognitive and emotional shifts made by the subjects and their attributional model. For instance, did it make them feel more effective or participatory in their lives, or just more activated,” Dr. Coppel wondered.

Other questions to look into are whether the results represented an interaction of medication and exercise, how long the effects of exercise last, and what the results are if there are secondary diagnoses, he added.

“The research is interesting and in line with the ‘exercise as medicine’ idea. Certainly the article suggests results that are consistent with other research from mild depression literature,” Dr. Coppel told Medscape Medical News.

The study was supported by a grant from the University of Georgia College of Education in Athens. Dr. Herring and Dr. Coppel have disclosed no relevant financial relationships.

American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) 58th Annual Meeting: Abstract 601. Presented June 1, 2011.

~Nancy A. Melville

Screening College Athletes May Help Prevent Incidents Of Sudden Cardiac Death

HealthDay Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/1, Dallas) reported that “screening college athletes for heart conditions before they participate in sports could help prevent incidents of sudden cardiac death, according to a new study” published in The American Journal of Medicine. In the study, “nearly one in four athletes tested either had a distinct heart abnormality or symptoms that required further screening.” The authors of the study “noted that American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology guidelines for pre-participation screening effectively identified nearly 25 percent of athletes who were candidates for heart screening based on history or symptoms.”

Independent Optometrists Continue To Thrive

The Naperville (IL) Sun Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/1, Sharos) reports, “Despite corporate stores that claim to offer fast service and extra product, the independent optometrist continues to thrive — especially those who are well past their medical school years.” Optometrist Dennis DeLee, OD, “who works in Chicago in a practice he bought 11 years ago,” pointed out “advantages that include personalized service, state-of-the-art technology, and medically related services that often characterize the independent service provider — services that he says don’t necessarily have to cost more than patients can afford.”

International Panel Of Experts Categorizes Cell Phones As “Possibly Carcinogenic.”

ABC World News (5/31, lead story, 3:10, Sawyer) reported, “An important new alert about the safety of cell phones and the possible risk of cancer, brain cancer in particular…comes from the World Health Organization.” NBC Nightly News (5/31, lead story, 3:10, Williams) reported, the WHO “statement labeling cell phones as a possible carcinogenic hazard comes from a panel of 31 scientists.”

According to the AP Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/1, Cheng), the statement was “issued in Lyon, France, on Tuesday by the International Agency for Research on Cancer” (IARC) after a “weeklong meeting” during which experts reviewed “possible links between cancer and the type of electromagnetic radiation found in cellphones, microwaves and radar.” The IARC classified cellphones in “category 2B, meaning they are possibly carcinogenic” to humans. The assessment now “goes to WHO and national health agencies for possible guidance on cellphone use.”

The Wall Street Journal Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/1, Martin, Hobson, Subscription Publication) reports that the IARC working group did not conduct new research. Instead, the panel reviewed existing literature that focused on the health effects of radio frequency magnetic fields. Its findings are slated to be published July 1 in Lancet Oncology.

The New York Times Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (5/31, Parker-Pope, Barringer, Subscription Publication) “Well” blog noted that the panel’s decision to “classify cellphones as ‘possibly carcinogenic’ was based largely on epidemiological data showing an increased risk among heavy cellphone users of a rare type of brain tumor called a glioma.” Most “major medical groups,” including the National Cancer Institute, have “said the existing data on cellphones and health has been reassuring.” Earlier this year, the Journal of the American Medical Association “reported on research Share to FacebookShare to Twitter from the National Institutes of Health, which found that less than an hour of cellphone use can speed up brain activity in the area closest to the phone antenna.”

The Los Angeles Times Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/1, Roan, Gabler) reports that a 2010 study Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (pdf) published in the International Journal of Epidemiology found a “40% increase risk of gliomas for people who used a cellphone an average of 30 minutes a day over a 10-year period.”

Bloomberg News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (5/31, Kresge) reported that the most recent research “considered dated to 2004, and exposure levels from handsets have dropped over time,” said IARC Working Group Chair Dr. Jonathan Samet from the University of Southern California. The age of the studies also means the participants “had used their phones for no more than 10 to 15 years, leaving open the question of the effect of longer-term exposure,” he noted. The CBS Evening News (5/31, lead story, 2:50, Smith) also covered the story.